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Tiny Beam Fund;
HIGHLIGHTS:*By analyzing content related to meat, vegetarian, and vegan food in blogs and magazines in Kenya, this report uncovers cultural themes, attitudes, and beliefs about food in today's Kenyan popular media (e.g. lifestyle and nation are strong themes).*The report is aimed at helping those who want to support local Kenyan food systems, to stave off the "Westernized" diet and/or nutrition transition, to reduce animal-based food consumption in Kenya. In particular, it helps them to grasp the huge importance of understanding local food cultures and dietary practices, and to use culturally appropriate food messages in their outreach work.*To promote desired food habits in Kenya, the report suggests establishing annual vegetarian and/or vegan food festivals, encouraging individuals with culinary talent via awards, and supporting "restaurant weeks" in urban centers where participating restaurants provide special menus that offer discounts or new recipes.
The NBDCK (National Book Development Council of Kenya) project aims to raise reading outcomes by offering extracurricular reading opportunities to public school children in the Kisii area of western Kenya. This is a micro level incremental innovation which originally included comparison to a control group, but this is no longer the case. Grade six students ('mentors') are trained to read with grade 1 and 2 students ('buddies') during informal small group sessions supervised by teachers trained to this end.
Open Society Foundations;
The active and meaningful participation of citizens in public affairs is the distinguishing feature of democratic societies, which are judged by the extent to which governments open up to citizen involvement in public affairs and the space they give for citizens to hold the government accountable. It is because of this that citizens in Kenya and Africa in general continue to demand increased space for participation.This report is about the challenges of participatory democracy in Kenya; it assesses the state of democracy and participation in the country. It examines the institutional and legislative processes that would contribute to the consolidation of democracy and political participation. The report explores the available instruments, such as the Constitution of Kenya (2010), to enhance democracy and people's political participation.The report identifies impediments to Kenya's democratic consolidation, with the most important challenges identified as ethnicity and identity politics, the electoral system of first-past-the-post, and the dominance of the executive. The report notes that ethnicity is a symptom of the structure and use of political power. Specifically, the interplay of ethnicity and the competition for executive power have constrained public participation and the democratic transition in general.
This report draws on quantitative and qualitative methods to first examine trends in access to secondary education in CAC, then review policies and practices that can address barriers to access. We use case study methods in Kenya and Uganda to compare and contrast two different approaches to managing refugee education. The cases of Kenya and Uganda offer comparative insights that may inform policy responses for refugees across SSA. Whereas Kenya favors the encampment and separation of refugees from nationals, including through education, Uganda has pursued a policy of refugee inclusion and allows refugees to access its public primary and secondary schools. We consider the policy environment and state of secondary education for refugees in each case. Neither the Kenyan or Ugandan approach offers a clear solution to the lack of access to secondary education for refugees in CAC.
Open Society Foundations;
This is a special edition of Amplifying Voices that includes highlights of the Open Society Initiative for East Africa's work from 2005 to 2015. Amplifying Voices documents different journeys the foundation has traveled with its partners since its launch in 2005 and the collective efforts to realize human rights and freedoms for all.Amplifying Voices pays particular attention to those on the margins of society, including stories of working on the forced sterilization of HIV-positive women or those with mental health illnesses, promoting the rights of sex workers, or addressing the question of human rights and counterterrorism.The Open Society Initiative for East Africa started as a one-program initiative in 2005 in Kenya and today has grown to include eight programs in the region. Geographically, the foundation now works in Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, South Sudan, and Sudan. It addresses issues including health and rights, disability rights, and food security.
Kenya requires innovative funding strategies, mechanisms and tools to ensure that it will reach national and international development goals regarding water and sanitation. The WASH sector, and Kenya as a whole, must explore innovative funding tools and mechanisms that can adequately leverage finance from a number of different sources, including domestically-generated revenues, as well as new mechanisms such as climate-related funding. To date, the lack of a comprehensive national investment plan has resulted in disjointed investment interventions and poor targeting that has not addressed sector needs across the country. This paper examines potential public financing strategies for the sector in Kenya and provides recommendations for their monitoring and evaluation to ensure sustained change and steady financial development.
This paper underscores the need for market-based approaches in the delivery and management of Waterand Sanitation services especially in the rural and peri-urban areas. The paper seeks to highlight theimportant role that WASH enterprises which mostly serve as gap fillers in the many rural, urban & peri –urban areas that are mostly unserved / underserved plays in service provision. While appreciating theimportance of Community – based management model that has been universally practiced, the paperfocuses on the Kenya Integrated Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (KIWASH's) approach to capacitydevelopment as crucial for ensuring improved and expanded WASH Services. This paper also discussesthe importance of Business Development Services in instilling a culture of performance and reorientingthe small and medium WASH enterprises embrace market based approaches to service delivery.
The Kenyan government estimates that 500 billion KES ($5 billion USD) are needed to achieve sanitation coverage targets in urban areas by 2030. To finance these infrastructure improvements, the Ministry of Environment, Water, and Natural Resources is looking at various financing options, including private sector participation, foreign aid, and cross-subsidies. Using a double-bound dichotomous choice method coupled with qualitative interviews, this study investigated willingness to pay for a pro-poor sanitation surcharge among customers of two Kenyan water utilities. 75% of respondents were willing to pay a surcharge, with just over half willing to pay up to 100 KES ($1 USD) per month. The primary determinants of willingness to pay were trust in the water utility to manage the pro-poor surcharge, feelings of solidarity towards people living without sanitation, and satisfaction with current water services.
Water services provision and resource management are devolved functions as per Schedule 4 of the current Constitution of Kenya. A critical determinant of the devolution success in Kenya's WASH sector will be how the County Governments as primary duty bearers will develop resilient WASH supply and management systems that are demand responsive and overall accountable to public needs. Therefore, tackling sustainability issues in WASH services requires a holistic approach focusing on governance and particularly principles of governance: transparency, participation and accountability as to improve service delivery. The USAID-KIWASH Project partners with water service providers in 9 counties including Kakamega County Water and Sanitation Company (KACWASCO) to support them improve and sustain water and sanitation coverage, water catchment protection and credit worthiness. This paper presents an evidence-base case study of KIWASH engagement with KACWASCO that enhanced accountability of its operations, water coverage, revenue collection, resource allocation, customer satisfaction, participation and transparency.
In the arid and semi-arid land (ASAL) counties of Kenya, people are experiencing a food security and nutrition crisis as a result of the drought that has worsened since August 2016. The drought has undermined coping capacities and exacerbated vulnerabilities, for example by destroying livelihoods and triggering local conflicts over scare resources.This report draws on research conducted in two ASAL counties - Turkana and Wajir - on how people are coping. The main objective of the research was to understand the gendered needs, vulnerabilities and capacities of people in Turkana and Wajir and the specific gendered risks they face, in order to identify opportunities for increasing their agency, voice, participation and economic empowerment. The study also sought to understand the interactions between duty bearers and people affected by the drought, and the capacity of duty bearers to provide humanitarian assistance. The report presents key findings from the research and recommendations on how to strengthen the humanitarian response.
Action Change Transform (ACT);
Experiences of working with grassroots peace structures to address electoral conflicts and violence in Kenya.
The 'Building Resilience in the Arid and Semi-Arid Lands of Northern Kenya' project was implemented in Turkana County, in Northern Kenya, between July 2012 and April 2015. The project was designed to build the resilience of project participants to a number of shocks and stresses: droughts - which threaten the area annually - floods and outbreaks of human and animal diseases on the one hand, and anthropocentric risks on the other hand, such as fire, livestock theft, and conflicts. The project worked at different levels to try and reduce households' vulnerability to these risks, through Community-Managed Disaster Risk Reduction (CMDRR) and integration of community-level plans and committees into the work of the county government. This Effectiveness Review used a quasi-experimental evaluation design to assess the impact of the project activities, at the household- and community-level. The results provide evidence that the project had had a positive impact on households' resilience capacities. This report is part of Oxfam's Effectiveness Review series.