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Revenue Watch Institute;
Provides an overview of the Liberian government's negotiations to amend its two largest concession agreements, their outcomes, the elements of success, and recommendations for improving the process and institutionalizing and harmonizing those practices.
This paper investigates how people created, adapted and used social capital and conflict resolution during more than a decade of violent conflict in Liberia, and the potential of such capital to contribute to post-conflict peace building and self-governance.
IIE Center for Academic Mobility Research & Impact;
What are the effects of Chinese investment and development projects on the perceived legitimacy of African states? In recent years, China has dramatically increased the size and scope of its aid to and investment in sub-Saharan Africa; the differences in China's approach to aid, compared to the Western model, have ignited debate about whether Chinese aid negatively affects governance and government legitimacy in the recipient country. In this paper, a research team led by The College of William and Mary tested this proposition in rural and urban Liberia. The research combined a public opinion survey; a survey experiment presenting one of three vignettes describing the roles of Chinese aid, US aid, or the Liberian government in service provision and corruption in Liberia; and an experimental game that measured how voluntary tax compliance—a standard measure of government within the academic literature—was affected by exposure to one of the same three vignettes. Both survey experiment and experimental games included a control group, for participants who were not read a vignette, and the vignettes were identical except for the name of the actor (China, US, or the Liberian government). Key findings from this pilot study include:Exposure to Chinese and US aid and investment improves Liberians' perceptions of Chinese and US donors.Exposure to Chinese and US aid and investment does not weaken and may even enhance Liberians' perceptions of the legitimacy of their government.Exposure to US aid is associated with Liberians' having more positive perceptions of the quality of their democracy.
Liberia Institute of Statistics and Geo-Information Services;
This research report examines the differing impacts of the Ebola outbreak in Liberia on women, men, girls and boys. Focusing on the areas of agriculture and livelihoods; gender-based violence; access to health services; and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), it looks at women's involvement in the national response to the outbreak, as well as community coping strategies. The report finds that women were disproportionately affected by the outbreak, and that gender, disability and geographical location were the most important factors in determining how people were impacted by the crisis. Women in rural areas were found to have particularly suffered.The research report draws conclusions regarding how the Liberian government, NGOs and civil society might improve the ongoing national response, including increasing the participation of women and broadening their education and skills.
Government of Liberia;
Ebola has had a crippling effect on the economy, health services and education system in Liberia. As schools reopen their doors, it is clear that the lack of clean water, hand washing and sanitation facilities in thousands of schools is a major block to helping children develop and carry out life-changing hygiene practices that will enhance their health. Investing in WASH in schools is a tangible, cost-effective and sustainable way to support Liberia towards a fast recovery with long-lasting health, educational and economic benefits. This briefing summarizes the current challenge of WASH in schools, as well as potential solutions.See the full technical briefing on WASH in Schools in Liberia
The 'Raising Poor and Marginalised Women's Voices in Liberia' project is part Oxfam's global Raising Her Voice (RHV) programme, which seeks to promote the rights and capacity of poor women to engage effectively in governance at all levels through increased voice and influence and more effective institutional accountability. Oxfam Liberia, with two local partners, Women of Liberia Peace Network (WOLPNET) and Women NGO Secretariat of Liberia (WONGOSOL), has been working to support the establishment of a vibrant coalition for poor and marginalised women in eight counties and encourage more responsive governance through greater compliance with the African Women's Rights Protocol. This report documents the findings of a qualitative impact evaluation, completed in April 2012, which used process tracing to assess the effectiveness of the project at increasing government's responsiveness to women's concerns, and decreasing incidence of gender based violence (GBV) and rape.
An uneasy peace reigns in Monrovia, the capital city of Liberia. Yet most civilians in Liberia still face ongoing attacks on a daily basis. The UN stabilisation force in Liberia (UNMIL) and the regional multinational force that preceded it, the Economic Community of West African States' Mission in Liberia (ECOMIL), have been crucial in establishing security. But sources from UNMIL admit that their 4,500 peacekeeping troops currently deployed are currently covering only 5 to 10 per cent of the country. For Oxfam and many other humanitarian actors, delays to full deployment of UNMIL are costing lives in the countryside. Fighting, indiscriminate attacks, rapes, killings, looting, and displacement will continue until UNMIL is effectively deployed throughout Liberia.
Liberia's newly approved water and sanitation policy states that 'water is life' and 'sanitation is dignity'. These powerful statements signal a welcome commitment in a country where safe water and decent sanitation have long been absent for the vast majority of the population, with catastrophic impacts on life and social welfare. The key challenge for the Government of Liberia, and the donors who support it, will be to turn this commitment into positive outcomes for Liberia's 3.5 million people. This report therefore focuses on the questions that will be crucial in this process. Firstly, is the water and sanitation sector in Liberia prioritised to reflect this commitment? Are there clear, actionable plans to make this commitment a reality? Does Liberia have resources and sufficient support to ensure that communities stop risking their lives and dignity? Finally, what challenges remain and what can be done to address them?
Oxfam GB implemented an integrated public health programme in Monrovia funded by ECHO and targeting cholera ‘hot spot’ communities in: urban slums (West Point and Clara Town); IDP camps (Soul Clinic and Mount Barclay); and host communities near the IDP camps. The programme ran from 2003 to 2007. A mid-term evaluation has been carried out by two advisers from the Humanitarian department using a participatory approach, which involved the national team. The review has assessed the effectiveness of ECHO's proposal, which stated: Targeted communities in two districts and two IDP camps in urban Monrovia have access and availability of water and sanitation facilities and are able to take action to protect themselves against protection and public health risks.
Liberia was making frantic efforts towards achieving some level of food security through improvement in smallholder farmers' productivity. But the 1989-2003 civil conflict adversely reversed all positive gains towards food security. This situation resulted to near collapse of the Liberian economy and undermined the growth of smallholder farmers' entrepreneurship in post-conflict Liberia. In order to reduce post-war food insecurity, government and its partners have been making rehabilitating the agriculture sector. Hence, the research is to assess the extents to which agricultural productivity and climate change affect the entrepreneurship of smallholder farmers (ShFs), using the Western and Central Regions of Liberia as a case study.
Liberia was making frantic efforts towards achieving some level of food security through improvement in smallholder farmers' productivity. But the 1989-2003 civil conflict adversely reversed all positive gains towards food security. This situation resulted to near collapse of the Liberian economy and undermined the growth of smallholder farmers' entrepreneurship in post-conflict Liberia. In order to reduce post-war food insecurity, government and its partners have been rehabilitating the agriculture sector.
Liberia was making frantic efforts towards achieving food security through improvements in smallholder farmers' productivity. However, the 1989-2003 civil conflict destroyed the economic life of the country, and reversed the positive trend towards food security. This situation undermined the growth of smallholder farmers' entrepreneurship.