No result found
Global Network on Extremism and Technology (GNET);
The use of social media platforms and chat applications in Asia has grown exponentially in recent years. Throughout the 2010s, violent extremists (VEs) in different parts of the continent exploited this growing access to audiences, disseminating their divisive messages broadly, while targeting individuals in fringe online groups. Technology companies and governments eventually imposed relatively effective measures to moderate overtly terrorist content, remove accounts and limit reach. However, the dynamics of broader communication on platforms that reward contentious engagement is continuing to inflame domestic political polarisation and societal division.Indonesia, the Philippines, Myanmar, and India are four Asian nations with unique but comparable experiences regarding the impact of online communications on social fault lines, extremism and violence. This report outlines and analyses these respective contexts.
John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation;
Throughout its engagements in India, the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation has focusedon building in-country capacity that supports long-lasting change and betters the health and well-beingof those in the country. As the Foundation's Population and Reproductive Health (PRH) engagementscame to a close in 2019, it considered how to leave the field and stakeholders in India poised to take onthe ongoing task of improving maternal health—a key to achieving social, financial, and physical wellbeing. Recognizing quality as the linchpin for making more progress on maternal health, the MacArthurFoundation focused its final PRH grants on improving maternal health quality of care (MHQoC) in India.This final round of funding in India supported long-standing work designed to transition the country tothe next phase and launch promising innovations. Using information collected from the final phase ofthe MHQoC strategy (April 2018 through July 2019), this report represents the culminating review of thestrategy, assesses its contributions to the quality of maternal health care, and considers the implicationsfor the future of the field. Results are presented by each of MHQoC strategy's three core substrategies:supply, demand, and advocacy.
Philanthropy in this report refers only to personal philanthropy. It does not include corporate giving or Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) spend. The term 'big philanthropy' is used for the philanthropy of Ultra High Net Worth Individuals (UHNWIs). Throughout the report, 'philanthropist' refers to Ultra High Net Worth Individual philanthropist. This usage is only for brevity, as the scope of this study is focused on philanthropy of the very wealthy, rather than the entire universe of remarkable philanthropists who come from all walks of life, and are equally, if not more generous than the subjects of this study. This should not give an impression that the authors and editors believe that only Ultra High Net Worth Individuals can be philanthropists.The study recognizes the right of the philanthropist to deploy her own wealth. The intent is to aid her thinking and decision making so that assessing potential risks and pitfalls of proposed philanthropic interventions becomes integral to the act of philanthropy. Suggestions made here should be considered by philanthropists in the context of their work. This study emphasizes the need to detail the social risks and pitfalls of big philanthropy before funding or implementing large interventions. Many experts speak of the need for wealthy philanthropists to take more financial risk and use their philanthropy as risk capital towards ambitious social goals. While highlighting the need to minimize social risks, this study, in no way implies that philanthropists should not take financial risks. While the study touches upon a third kind of risk – personal or reputational risk to philanthropists, it does not examine it rigorously.
Pakistan Centre for Philanthropy;
The Board of Directors of Pakistan Centre for Philanthropy (PCP) is pleased to present its report on the Financial Year ended 30 June 2020 which witnessed the COVID-19 outbreak. In these critical times, PCP became an integral part of coordinating the philanthropic response to the pandemic. It continued its operations (online) effectively, while at the same time connected givers and the receivers generating an immediate response that served the most vulnerable.
Bain & Co.;
Over the last decade, philanthropy has been able to contribute in a big way to India's fast-maturing development sector due to the significant rise in quantum of philanthropy, movement towards more structured approaches to giving, and growth and diversification of the support ecosystem. The India Philanthropy Report 2020, presented by Bain and Dasra, focuses on the need and opportunity to invest in India's most vulnerable, and showcases relevant case studies of solutions that could inspire such action.
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI);
On 27 April, the Myanmar Government published the COVID-19 Economic Relief Plan (CERP) which aims to mitigate COVID-19's impact on the macroeconomic environment and the private sector and to ease the impact on laborers, workers, and households. The CERP action plan should pay explicit attention to gender discrepancies to avoid unintentional harm or aggravating existing gender inequalities.
This report is the product of a newly launched, multiyear Pay‑What-It-Takes (PWIT) India Initiative committed to building stronger, more financially resilient NGOs. The initiative is led by The Bridgespan Group and the five anchor partners: A.T.E. Chandra Foundation (ATECF), Children's Investment Fund Foundation (CIFF), EdelGive Foundation, the Ford Foundation, and the Omidyar Network India. Each partner believes strongly in the importance of better understanding true costs and approached the initiative from a different perspective.
Human Rights Watch;
This report is based on research conducted by Human Rights Watch in the city of Yangon and Rakhine State, Myanmar, and Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh, since late 2018.We conducted interviews with 32 Rohingya living in the townships of Sittwe, Pauktaw, Myebon, Kyauktaw, and Kyaukpyu in central Rakhine State, and in the refugee camps in Cox's Bazar who had fled the central Rakhine camps. Because Human Rights Watch is restricted by the Myanmar government from visiting the central Rakhine camps, all interviews with people detained there were conducted by phone.Interviewees were informed how the information gathered would be used and that they could decline the interview or terminate it at any point. The majority of interviews were conducted directly in the Rohingya language. Some were conducted in Burmese with English interpretation. The names of Rohingya interviewees have been replaced with pseudonyms for their protection.We also conducted more than 30 in-depth interviews with staff from United Nations agencies, international and local humanitarian organizations, and Rohingya and Kaman civil society groups, in addition to activists, community leaders, and local and regional analysts. Follow-up interviews were conducted over the phone and via other secure means of communications. Because of concerns of official backlash and security considerations, we have withheld the names and details of sources.In researching this report, Human Rights Watch obtained, reviewed, and analyzed over 100 internal and public government, UN, and academic documents and reports related to the situation in central Rakhine State.
Open Technology Fund;
This research study seeks to identify the various surveillance and censorship technologies and strategies deployed by the government and military in Myanmar. In doing so, the study utilizes a diverse combination of analytical methods including technical network measurements, interviews, and key research analysis of newspaper archives, media reports, and government publications. Throughout the overall assessment process, the study focuses not only on technology but also on offline spaces and legal loopholes which tend to obscure transparency and allow the authorities in Myanmar to implement surveillance and censorship practices in unchecked manners.The goal of this project is to shine a light on these troublesome tactics helping both the people of Myanmar as well as other internet freedom researchers around the world. In countries such as Myanmar where information on existing surveillance practices is limited this type of research is all the more difficult - and important - to conduct. It is therefore the hope of this study the information produced by this research serves as a seed that will ultimately sprout and grow into a tree of resistance hope and change.The study begins with an overview of Myanmar's relevant political and internet-based background. Next the study's methodologies and limitations are discussed. The core of the study is then devoted to findings from research and measurements followed by findings from interviews. Finally, the study finishes with concluding thoughts and key acknowledgements.
Gender equality figures as the fifth goal in the list of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) initiated by the United Nations. Women's empowerment thus remains central to gender mainstreaming as well as economic, social, environmental and political development. Dasarathi views women's empowerment in two ways – the 'general and specific'. In the 'general sense' it is the process of accessing 'opportunities' and 'freedom' to become 'self-dependent'. In the 'specific sense' it refers to 'enhancing their position in the power structure of society'. Thus, control over economic resources, improved social status and political participation, along with control over their own lives 'enables them to move from the periphery to the centre stage' (Bhuyan, Dasarathi: Empowerment of Indian Women: A Challenge of 21st Century. Orissa Review, January – 2006).EdelGive Foundation through its different women empowerment and livelihood programmes has realised that entrepreneurship enables multiple positive outcomes for women themselves, families and the nation. These experiences suggest that Women Entrepreneurship develops women's capabilities to access economic opportunities, nurture their decision-making abilities and taking control over financial and nonfinancial resources.In order to develop further insights and data points about the pathway of entrepreneurship for young women from semi-urban and rural areas, EdelGive has initiated a national level landscape study covering Women Entrepreneurs (WEs) from different states in India. The study is expected to provide a comprehensive view of the challenges with respect to women's access and opportunities to resources for enterprise development and sustenance.
Approximately one-quarter of the global population are women of reproductive age, most of whom menstruate every month.A core function of a woman's reproductive system, menstruation is a healthy and normal occurrence in the female body. However, it can—and often does—become a challenge when individuals lack access to the resources, infrastructure, and social support they need to appropriately manage it.This report captures key changes in the menstrual health and hygiene (MHH) space that have happened since the publication of An Opportunity to Address Menstrual Health and Gender Equity in 2016. We pay particular attention to the remaining gaps and highlight opportunities for further action and investment.