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The 'Transparency through mobile internet – Gajimu.com' project, implemented by WageIndicator Foundation, aims to use mobile internet to strengthen the transparency of Indonesian garment factories' compliance with minimum wages and national labor law. At the same time it aims to increase the number of factories that comply with these. In the period, January – March 2019, the C&A Foundation commissioned a summative evaluation of the project to assess the extent to which it had achieved its intended objectives. It also hoped to gather any lessons-learnt on the extent to which the project's design and implementation contributed to the intended outcomes.
Global Network on Extremism and Technology (GNET);
The use of social media platforms and chat applications in Asia has grown exponentially in recent years. Throughout the 2010s, violent extremists (VEs) in different parts of the continent exploited this growing access to audiences, disseminating their divisive messages broadly, while targeting individuals in fringe online groups. Technology companies and governments eventually imposed relatively effective measures to moderate overtly terrorist content, remove accounts and limit reach. However, the dynamics of broader communication on platforms that reward contentious engagement is continuing to inflame domestic political polarisation and societal division.Indonesia, the Philippines, Myanmar, and India are four Asian nations with unique but comparable experiences regarding the impact of online communications on social fault lines, extremism and violence. This report outlines and analyses these respective contexts.
This evaluation is presented as part of Oxfam's Effectiveness Review Series 2016/17, selected for review under the women's empowerment thematic area. The evaluation took place in August 2016 in East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. It intended to evaluate the success of the 'Reducing the Occurrence of Gender Based Violence' project in the region in reducing gender based violence (GBV) and promoting women's empowerment. The project operated with 10 partners in West Nusa Tenggara, East Nusa Tenggara, South Sulawesi, Central Sulawesi and Jakarta. This Effectiveness Review was conducted only in East Nusa Tenggara due to budgetary constraints. In East Nusa Tenggara activities started in 2012 and the project was implemented by four partner organizations: SSP, CIS, YABIKU and LHB APIK. This evaluation was conducted in August 2016 in three districts in East Nusa Tenggara on the Timor island. The evaluation adopted a quasi-experimental impact evaluation design to measure the effect that is causally attributable to - and representative of - the project's intervention.
The gap between the richest and the rest in Indonesia has grown faster in the past two decades than in any other country in South-East Asia. The four richest men in Indonesia now have more wealth than the poorest 100 million people. Inequality is slowing down poverty reduction, dampening economic growth and threatening social cohesion. President Jokowi has made fighting inequality his administration's top priority for 2017. This report shows how he could achieve this by enforcing a living wage for all workers, increasing spending on public services, and making big corporations and rich individuals pay their fair share of tax.
Asian Venture Philanthropy Network (AVPN);
Around the globe, a wave of financial innovation that seeks to create social and environmental benefits while producing attractive returns is shaping the field of sustainable finance.From investments in publicly listed corporations based on environmental, social, and governance factors, to bonds issued to fund climate and environmental improvements; from micro-credit to small retailers through innovative credit assessments, to parametric insurance products improving the disaster resilience of countries, the world of sustainable finance is growing and becoming increasingly diverse.In this report, we take a closer look at these innovations and more, highlighting how they are working to mobilize private-sector capital at scale to address social and environmental challenges. We also explore recent developments and potential opportunities in Asia's four largest economies: China, India, Japan, and Indonesia.
The Pluralism Project;
Indonesia today is not only a country with diverse religions, ethnicities, and races, but also a country with several challenges related to issues of religious pluralism. This report tries to describe how tolerance, pluralism (religious), and dialogue among members of religious communities in Indonesia have been promoted and improved. It also attempts to map the hindrances to religious pluralism in Indonesia.Firstly, this report will explore the helpful aspects of emerging issues of religious pluralism in Indonesia, including the roles of government, individuals, and non-governmental organizations that work to enhance public awareness and understanding about how to engage with other members of other religious communities. Secondly, it will explore those aspects that hinder the efforts in promoting inter-religious harmony in Indonesia, such as the fatwas (Islamic decrees) of MUI (Islamic Ulama' Council), and the rise of the Islamic fundamentalist movement.
International Studies Program of the Andrew Young School of Policy Studies;
After the fall of Soeharto in May 1998, some significant changes in the Indonesian political and administrative system have taken place. One of them is the shift of policy from a highly centralized system of administration, which had been instrumental in supporting national development for more than thirty years, to a decentralized one. The then rigid and centralised system ultimately proved itself unable to respond to the financial and economic crises that attacked Indonesia from July 1997. Working Paper Number 02-31.
International Studies Program of the Andrew Young School of Policy Studies;
In this paper I begin by briefly summarizing the effects on decentralization of new political laws passed by the House of Representatives (DPR) and promulgated in 1999. Secondly, I examine aspects of the "second wave" of reform consisting of constitutional amendments passed by the People's Consultative Assembly (MPR) in 2000 and 2001. Next I consider current proposals for amendment of the law on Regional Government (UU22/1999). Lastly, I will attempt to test some hypotheses about the relationships among administrative decentralization (deconcentration), political reform and decentralization using a district2 data set. Working Paper Number 02-26.
World Bank Water and Sanitation Program (World Bank Water);
The report highlights the transition of community-based organizations (CBO) to professional service providers in Indonesia. As significant numbers of Indonesian villages are outside the reach of utility service, the Government of Indonesia has been supporting the construction of village water infrastructure to be managed by users through CBOs since the 1990s. Emphasizing project ownership and democratic involvement, community-based management is thought to allow systems to be better maintained and operated post-project. The report also discusses if CBOs might not transition from the original concept of a post-construction "coping mechanism" into a real engine for accelerating access to water in rural areas through a service-oriented enterprise of the community.
Asian Development Bank;
This is the Indonesia case study of Investing in Ourselves - Giving and Fund Raising in Asia, which had its origin in the International Conference on Supporting the Nonprofit Sector in Asia, sponsored by the Asia Pacific Philanthropy Consortium (APPC) in January 1998.
Australian Agency of International Development;
The Water and Sanitation Hibah is a program developed by the Australian Agency for International Development and the Indonesia Infrastructure Initiative whereby local governments are encouraged to invest in urban water utilities through an output-based payment mechanism. An independent evaluation of the program was conducted in 2011, which AusAID's management reviews and responds to in this document. They have endorsed plans to implement a second phase of the project taking into account the recommendations of the evaluation, which include improving monitoring and evaluation and mitigating environmental impacts.