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Rockefeller Archive Center;
In the early 20th century, Hawai'i became a dynamic site of encounters between American settlers and Japanese immigrants. With the rise of the plantation economy, the white plantation oligarchs deployed various means of discipline vis-à-vis Japanese immigrants to ensure the availability of a reliable labor force. The new regime of bodily discipline mobilized a variety of institutions, including the University of Hawai'i and the Rockefeller Foundation. At the center of this emerging dynamic was a group of white home economists who, under the leadership of Carey D. Miller, investigated the immigrants' bodily features, analyzed their dietary practices, and collected data essential to understanding and managing race. My project examines how Japanese immigration provided an impetus for the rise of racial science in Hawai'i, where women and domesticity played a crucial though hitherto unacknowledged role. Historical documents at the Rockefeller Archive Center (RAC) are essential for this investigation, as they illuminate the historical and institutional contexts within which these women operated. The letters, reports, and memoranda preserved at the RAC unveil the origin and development of a "racial laboratory" in Hawai'i, whose formation had much to do with gender, sexual, national, and imperial dynamics proliferating in the Pacific.
W.K. Kellogg Foundation;
As the country becomes more diverse, schools that successfully engage all families will transform learning and leadership. This executive summary captures "takeways" from partnerships forged by the W.K. Kellogg Foundation (WKKF) to create environments where teachers, families and community members can effectively collaborate and share power.
JLI CONSULTING, LLC;
The Anderson-Beck Fund of the Hawaii Community Foundation supported a study of the economic and cultural vitality of performing arts on Hawaii Island.
Hawaii Community Foundation;
Connecting for Success (CFS) is a four-year initiative funded by the Hawai'i Community Foundation and 14 donor partners. It is currently in its fourth year. From 2013-2016, 10 middle schools and five community partners served students identified to be at risk of very low levels of academic achievement. In the fourth year of the initiative, eight middle schools participated. CFS provides academic and enrichment supports, as well as interventions designed to improve attendance and behavior. Through increasing academic achievement and their connection to school, CFS programming is designed to make it more likely that participating youth will transition successfully to high school, stay on the path to graduate from high school, and ultimately succeed in college, career, and the community.
A major challenge for coral reef conservation and management is understanding how a wide range of interacting human and natural drivers cumulatively impact and shape these ecosystems. Despite the importance of understanding these interactions, a methodological framework to synthesize spatially explicit data of such drivers is lacking. To fill this gap, we established a transferable data synthesis methodology to integrate spatial data on environmental and anthropogenic drivers of coral reefs, and applied this methodology to a case study location–the Main Hawaiian Islands (MHI). Environmental drivers were derived from time series (2002–2013) of climatological ranges and anomalies of remotely sensed sea surface temperature, chlorophyll-a, irradiance, and wave power. Anthropogenic drivers were characterized using empirically derived and modeled datasets of spatial fisheries catch, sedimentation, nutrient input, new development, habitat modification, and invasive species. Within our case study system, resulting driver maps showed high spatial heterogeneity across the MHI, with anthropogenic drivers generally greatest and most widespread on O'ahu, where 70% of the state's population resides, while sedimentation and nutrients were dominant in less populated islands. Together, the spatial integration of environmental and anthropogenic driver data described here provides a first-ever synthetic approach to visualize how the drivers of coral reef state vary in space and demonstrates a methodological framework for implementation of this approach in other regions of the world. By quantifying and synthesizing spatial drivers of change on coral reefs, we provide an avenue for further research to understand how drivers determine reef diversity and resilience, which can ultimately inform policies to protect coral reefs.
Carsey School of Public Policy at The University of New Hampshire;
Funding for the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP)—the federal program that extends health insurance coverage to low income children not eligible for traditional Medicaid—officially expired on September 30, 2017. Given that states implement CHIP in different ways, states will run out of funds at different times, with twelve states exhausting their federal allotment by the end of 2017 (see Figure 1).
Several of these states are populous, and together are home to nearly 9 million—or 30 percent—of the nation's publicly insured children, and to one in five publicly insured rural children. Lawmakers are discussing how to fund reauthorization, and in the meantime, children may become uninsured or switch to more expensive and less comprehensive alternate plans in the interim. As states begin planning for these transitions, legislators should consider both administrative costs and potential effects on family health and finances.
Institute for Women's Policy Research;
In a report commission by the Women's Fund of Hawai'i researchers from the Institute for Women's Policy Research, (IWPR) found that though there have been important gains in areas like education and health insurance coverage, women still face a widening pay gap and stagnant wages. Nearly four in ten Pacific Islander women are in poverty, compared with only one in ten women in Hawaii overall.
Hawaii Community Foundation;
This report evaluates the three-year effort to apply a network approach to improving services and systems for family homelessness in Hawaii. From 2014-2017 Hawaii Community Foundation funded HousingASAP, a group of eight homeless family service provider organizations who committed to a two‐year network plan aimed at moving more homeless families into permanent housing.
State of Hawaiʻi, the Department of Human Services--Homeless Programs Office;
With the goal of better understanding critical junctures that influence whether one may become or remain homeless, we examine in this report three subpopulations of homeless within Hawai'i—specifically, youth emancipated from foster care, individuals discharged from medical care, and individuals released from incarceration. A growing body of research indicates that institutional discharge may offer a "window of opportunity" for intervention, potentially preventing or reducing the likelihood of subsequent homelessness. Our hope is that by illuminating the people, processes, and institutions engaged in and affected by institutional discharge in Hawaiʻi, we as a community can more effectively capitalize on the opportunities for intervention that discharge presents.
Robina Institute of Criminal Law and Criminal Justice;
Hawaii has an indeterminate sentencing system in which the sentencing court sets only the maximum, but not the minimum sentence to be served. The sentencing court chooses from only five possible maximum prison sentences when imposing a sentence (life without parole, life, 20 years, 10 years, or 5 years). While some paroling discretion has been curbed by mandatory minimum sentencing laws, in many cases the parole board still plays a large role in incarceration length. There is no sentencing commission or sentencing guidelines; and while there are no parole release guidelines, guidelines do play a role in setting the date of parole eligibility.
Pew Charitable Trusts;
Papahānaumokuākea means "a sacred area from which all life springs" and is the Hawaiian name for the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Marine National Monument. To Hawaiians, Papahānaumokuākea is a place of honor, believed to be the root of native ancestral connections to the gods, and the site to which spirits return after death. The islands and the water around them are home to more than 7,000 species, a quarter of which are found nowhere else on Earth. At the time of its creation in 2006, the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument was, at 140,000 square miles (363,000 square kilometers), the largest fully protected marine park in the world. Its designation marked the first time a protected area of such significance had been established in the ocean.
Hawaii Community Foundation;
The purpose of this learning brief is to document what we have learned to date about data use capacity at the eight Connecting for Success (CFS) schools: the critical components of effective data use practices, how the CFS Initiative has helped to build CFS teams' data use capacity, and the opportunities for further growth in using data to inform learning and program improvement.