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Justice Policy Institute;
The Justice Policy Institute is pleased to share our newest report, Restoring Local Control of Parole to the District of Columbia.In January 2019, the District of Columbia government enlisted the Justice Policy Institute to explore the feasibility of restoring local control of parole and make recommendations for how release decision making can be transferred from the federal government to DC government. Transferring supervision responsibilities and parole decision-making from the federal government back to the District is an ambitious, complicated undertaking. Fortunately, local leadership can draw on a wealth of data, evidence, and experience from other jurisdictions as they evaluate how best to move forward.This new report highlights the best available research and practice in the parole field, provides 22 recommendations for parole decision-making and supervision, and outlines three options for restoring local control of release decision-making. JPI undertook a series of activities to produce this report. These included:Interviewing District and federal officials to understand how the current system functions and how best to build upon its strengths.Speaking with attorneys who handle parole applications to the United States Parole Commission.Attending community speak-out events and local criminal justice coalition meetings to solicit input from a wide range of community and system stakeholders, including currently and formerly incarcerated people with experience in the District's parole system.Consulting with experts from multiple organizations that provide technical assistance to help states improve their parole practice, including attending the 2019 Association of Paroling Authorities International Chairs Meeting and Annual Training Conference in Baltimore, Maryland.Examining a broad array of research in academic peer-reviewed journals, technical white papers, and state agency reports.The recommendations outlined in this report should guide the development and staffing of a new parole board, the criteria for release decision-making, and how individuals are supervised in the community. If the District follows this plan, we believe it has the opportunity to serve as a model jurisdiction for other states. We also hope the report can be useful for jurisdictions currently considering reforms to their parole systems.
This case study illustrates how Creative Placemaking, the deliberate integration of arts and culture into comprehensive community development, can serve as a critical catalyst in forming equitable living and working solutions for all the social, economic, and racial constituencies of a neighborhood. It also shows how Creative Placemaking depends on collaboration across several different sectors, each with different goals, mind-sets, work styles, and skills. In the Brookland-Edgewood case, the multi-sector network of stakeholders included a forward-thinking government agency, a visionary nonprofit, a private developer, and the existing residents of a disadvantaged neighborhood.
National Academy for State Health Policy;
Due to mounting evidence that community health workers (CHWs) can improve health outcomes, increase access to health care, and control medical costs, states are increasingly engaging their CHW workforce to replicate those successes at the state level. However, the policies and programs that regulate and pay for CHWs differ dramatically across states, and states facing difficulties advancing CHW initiatives can gain insights from the experiences of other programs across the country.The National Academy for State Health Policy (NASHP) recently updated its State Community Health Worker Models Map and is currently identifying innovative state strategies that have helped CHW initiatives meet their goals. This case study, which explores My Health GPS in Washington, DC, is the first in a series of NASHP products that highlight those CHW program strategies.
Center on Reinventing Public Education (CRPE);
DC School Reform Now (DCSRN) launched the High Quality Schools Campaign (HQSC) as an effort to address the challenge of ensuring that school choice works for all families in Washington, D.C. This initiative connects families in the city's most underserved regions—where fewer high-quality schools are available—with "parent advocates" who guide families through the process of choosing a school, from learning about schools (with an emphasis on schools receiving high performance ratings) to completing the application to enrolling their child in school for the fall. The goal of the HQSC is to dramatically increase the number of families who actively take advantage of school choice and enroll in the city's top-rated schools (both district and charter).With support from the W.K. Kellogg Foundation, DCSRN partnered with the Center on Reinventing Public Education (CRPE) to conduct an evaluation of the HQSC. This partnership aims to accomplish two goals: 1) inform DCSRN's ongoing work to expand the HQSC to serve more families and expand their impact, and 2) document best practices that can be used by other school districts and community-based organizations to improve families' access to high-quality schools.
Sexual Minority Youth Assistance League;
The eight major focus areas of this document include: schools and education; shelter and housing; jobs and life skills; after-school time; mental health, substance abuse, and HIV;violence and victimization; Latino/a LGBTQ youth; and transgender youth.
District of Columbia mayor Anthony Williams has convinced Major League Baseball to move the Montreal Expos to D.C. in exchange for the city's building a new ballpark. Williams has claimed that the new stadium will create thousands of jobs and spur economic development in a depressed area of the city. Williams also claims that this can be accomplished without tax dollars from D.C. residents. Yet the proposed plan to pay for the stadium relies on some kind of tax increase that will likely be felt by D.C. residents. Our conclusion, and that of nearly all academic economists studying this issue, is that professional sports generally have little, if any, positive effect on a city's economy. The net economic impact of professional sports in Washington, D.C., and the 36 other cities that hosted professional sports teams over nearly 30 years, was a reduction in real per capita income over the entire metropolitan area. A baseball team in D.C. might produce intangible benefits. Rooting for the team might provide satisfaction to many local baseball fans. That is hardly a reason for the city government to subsidize the team. D.C. policymakers should not be mesmerized by faulty impact studies that claim that a baseball team and a new stadium can be an engine of economic growth.
Members of Congress and President Bush have put forth proposals that would establish school voucher programs in the District of Columbia. Those programs would allow pupils to use vouchers to attend the parochial or private school of their parents' choice. Could private schools increase the range of academic options in the nation's capital by educating students currently attending District of Columbia public schools? An analysis of the private and parochial schools in the metropolitan Washington, D.C., area reveals the following: Private schools in Washington and sur-rounding areas charge less on average than the D.C. public school system spends per pupil.The D.C. public school system, which has suffered from overspending and budget deficits in the last few years, could find its enrollment reduced by almost 10 percent as a result of a voucher program.Private schools in Washington could immediately accommodate about 2,925 students now attending public or charter schools. Allowing all independent and parochial schools in the Washington metro area to participate in a school choice program could add almost 3,500 more spaces, since there are more than 6,000 seats available in local, nonpublic schools.
Feeding America (formerly America's Second Harvest);
This report presents information on the clients and agencies served by the Capital Area Food Bank. The information is drawn from a national study, Hunger in America 2006, conducted for America's Second Harvest (A2H), the nation's largest organization of emergency food providers. The national study is based on completed in-person interviews with more than 52,000 clients served by the A2H food bank network, as well as on completed questionnaires from more than 30,000 A2H agencies. The study summarized below focuses mainly on emergency food providers and their clients who are supplied with food by food banks in the A2H network.Key Findings: The A2H system served by the Capital Area Food Bank provides food for an estimated 383,400 different people annually.36% of the members of households served by the Capital Area Food Bank are children under 18 years old (Table 5.3.2). 47% of client households include at least one employed adult (Table 5.7.1). Among client households with children, 76% are food insecure and 40% are experiencing hunger (Table 6.1.1). 38% of clients served by the Capital Area Food Bank report having to choose between paying for food and paying for utilities or heating fuel (Table 6.5.1). 29% had to choose between paying for food and paying for medicine or medical care (Table 6.5.1). 22% of households served by the Capital Area Food Bank report having at least one household member in poor health (Table 8.1.1)The Capital Area Food Bank included approximately 543 agencies at the administration of this survey, of which 426 have responded to the agency survey. Of the responding agencies, 247 had at least one food pantry, soup kitchen, or shelter. 61% of pantries, 66% of kitchens, and 43% of shelters of the Capital Area Food Bank reported that there had been an increase since 2001 in the number of clients who come to their emergency food program sites (Table 10.8.1). Food banks are by far the single most important source of food for the agencies, accounting for 76% of the food used by pantries, 51% of kitchens' food, and 40% of shelters' food (Table 13.1.1). For the Capital Area Food Bank, 91% of pantries, 98% of kitchens, and 85% of shelters use volunteers (Table 13.2.1).
Annie E. Casey Foundation;
Examines the implementation of a federal government/local joint scholarship initiative for underserved youth. Includes a chronicle of activities, profiles of scholarship families, and an outline of lessons learned during the first year of the program.
Provides an overview of how the foreclosure crisis affects renters in the District of Columbia, with a focus on areas east of the Anacostia River. Examines foreclosure data by neighborhood and property type and compares renter- and owner-occupied units.
Outlines how the 2010 healthcare reform's insurance mandates, state exchanges, and tax credits will affect businesses in each category and according to whether they currently offer insurance, including new options and financial obligations or assistance.